• angle-up angle-right angle-down angle-left close user menu open menu closed search globe bars phone store

    Generating Automated Text Complexity Classifications That Are Aligned with Targeted Text Complexity Standards

    Sheehan, Kathleen M.; Kostin, Irene W.; Futagi, Yoko; Flor, Michael
    Publication Year:
    Report Number:
    ETS Research Report
    Document Type:
    Page Count:
    Subject/Key Words:
    Automated Scoring and Natural Language Processing Common Core State Standards Genre Readability Reading Comprehension SourceRater Test Complexity


    The Common Core Standards call for students to be exposed to a much greater level of text complexity than has been the norm in schools for the past forty years. Textbook publishers, teachers, and assessment developers are being asked to refocus materials and methods to ensure that students are challenged to read texts at steadily increasing complexity levels as they progress through school so that all students remain on track to achieve college and career readiness by the end of 12th grade. Although automated text analysis tools have been proposed as one method for helping educators achieve this goal, research suggests that existing tools are subject to three limitations: inadequate construct coverage; overly narrow criterion variables; and inappropriate treatment of genre effects. Modeling approaches developed to address these limitations are described. Recommended approaches are incorporated into a new text analysis system called SourceRater. Validity analyses implemented on an independent sample of texts suggest that, compared to existing approaches, SourceRater’s estimates of text complexity are more reflective of the complexity classifications given in the new Standards. Implications for the development of learning progressions designed to help educators organize curriculum, instruction and assessment in reading are discussed.

    Read More

  • 福彩3d之家 陕西快乐10分钟横屏 急速赛车彩票 广东36选7复式投注金额 竞彩半全场4串1 三分彩走势图带连线 安徽快三和值历史数据 天津时时彩走势图 360彩票排列五走势图 德甲广东话积分榜 秒速时时彩官方开奖号码 上海快三开奖基本走势 湖北快三预测推荐号 高频彩低频彩什么意思 星彩网排列五走势图表